John Morton OBE, FRS is professor at the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and was the director of the former Medical Research Cognitive Development Unit at University College London.
His research and contributions to knowledge focus on event memory in adults and children; effects of memory on recall of events; types of memory system; memory pathologies; Multiple Personality Disorder; cognitive models of memory; development of cognitive abilities; and causal models of developmental disorders, particularly autism and dyslexia.
His citation for the Royal Society reads:
John Morton was at the forefront of the information processing revolution of psychology in the 1960s, which moved experimental psychology out of behaviourism and into cognition. Morton is widely recognised as a pioneer of cognitive theories that explain and predict rather than describe and correlate behaviour. He provided an influential and lasting model of word recognition, the logogen model, which also served as inspiration for current models of face recognition. His other lasting contributions range from the concept of Precategorical Acoustic Storage (PAS) in short term memory, the demonstration of so-called P-centres in spoken syllables as the critical psychological moment of speech perception, to groundbreaking work on cognitive development, and in particular infant face recognition.